Occupational safety and health at the railway
Trauma – a violation of the anatomical integrity or physiological functions of a person caused by a sudden external impact.
Injuries are subdivided into lungs (temporary loss of disability, sick leave not more than 60 days); The average leading to disability and death.
Injuries are classified:
A) mechanical (bruises and fractures);
B) thermal (burn, frostbite, heat stroke);
C) chemical (poisoning or choking);
D) Electrical (burning, stopping or fibrillation of the heart);
E) mental (shock or fright);
F) combined injuries. Injuries are classified in relation to production at a) production (in the enterprise, in the transport of the enterprise, during an accident or crash due to railway fault, injuries associated with hooliganism of the passenger during
Work of a conductor);
B) production is not related to production (obtained in a state of intoxication, while doing extraneous work, in the commission of criminal acts, in suicide or in the event of natural death;
C) non-productive (on the way to work or work, at sporting events in the role of a participant, in the performance of public events and in the performance of civic duty;
E) Household – received on vacation or during their free time.
Accident is a combination of circumstances that led to injury.
Types of briefings:
• Introductory briefing (conducted by the chief engineer and engineer for Labor safety and the safety precautions).
• Initial briefing (conducted by a master or instructor).
• The current briefing is conducted before the commencement of work (conducted by station heads, their deputies, masters, mechanics, electromechanics, foremen, supervisors, foremen and instructors);
• periodic briefings are held every three months;
• Extra briefing is conducted when new instructions are introduced; new equipment is installed, when an accident is committed, at the request of the State Supervision and Control Bodies, with breaks in work for more than three months, with the exception of labor protection warning signs.
Knowledge testing is carried out in three cases:
1. Primary – when hiring.
2. Periodic – once in 3 years.
3. Extraordinary – when introducing new instructions.
Three-stage control consists of three stages of inspections of the state of labor protection and safety at the inspected facility:
The first stage of control is performed by a master, foreman, electrician and labor safety commissioner at the beginning of the working day (shift).
The second stage of control should be carried out once a decade by a commission